3- The academic problems of immigrant students by the prism of the ethnicization of peer relations

- Alessandro Bergamaschi, Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, École Supérieure du Professorat et de l’Éducation, Unité de recherche « Migrations Sociétés » (UMR CNRS 8245 - UMR IRD 205)

This article aims to understand the factors of academic failure of ‘‘immigrant’’ students. After taking into account the main theories on this issue, we will focus our attention towards the analytical frameworks of the ‘‘peers relations’’ and the ‘‘ethnicization of the school environment’’. Through a qualitative study currently underway, we set out the approach that for ‘‘immigrant’’ students the combination of factors that can lead to school dropouts are strengthened by an extra variable, namely the ethnicization of their peer relations, which can become, according the situations, a factor penalizing their school career.

Keywords : Immigration, adolescents, échec scolaire, xénophobie, ethnicisation, immigration, adolescents, academic failure, xenophobia, ethnicization.


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