4 - Les collégiens et les lycéens sont-ils égaux face au risque d’être victimes et/ou auteurs de cyberviolence et de cyberharcelement ?

Aurélie Berguer, Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, Centre d’Analyse des Processus en Education et Formation (CAPEF) 

The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the school (middle/high school) and of the age on the risk to be victim and/or author of cyberviolence or cyberbullying. The data are from a victimization and self-reported violence survey carried out in France on 3589 secondary school students aged from 10 to 21. The results of the bivariate and multivariate analyzes show mainly that middle school students have a higher probability of being authors of cyberviolence and cyberbullying, independtly of their digital practices. They are also more likely to be victims of cyberviolence, which can be explained by their higher propensity to be authors, the victim and author status being strongly linked, particularly among 10-12 years. These results put forward the need to develop cyberviolence prevention among middle school students, in particular actions to promote appropriate coping strategies.

Keywords : Cyberviolence, cyberharcèlement, victimation, perpétration, collège, lycée, âge, cyberviolence, cyberbullying, victimization, perpetration, middle school, high school, age.

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