6- From Columbine to Sandy Hook: The Risk That a Kindergarten Thru Grade 12 Student (K-12) in the US Will Be Killed by a Shooting While in School

- Alfred A. Rimm, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, U.S.A.

The massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School (Connecticut, USA) has prompted many efforts to prevent this from happening again. The purpose of this study is to estimate the probability that a student will be killed in an in-school shooting using data from a relatively recent 13.6 year period, during which time the annual US population included 55 million K-12 students. From Columbine (Colorado, USA 1999) to Sandy Hook (2012), there were 61 deaths, thus a one in 939,000 chance a student would be killed while in K-12 education anytime during the 13.6 year period. In-school shootings resulting in death to a student are extremely rare events. The risk of death in a motor vehicle accident for similarly age children is 2,400 times greater.

Keywords : School violence, school shootings, dead students, gun deaths, violence dans les écoles, fusillades dans les écoles, élèves décédés, morts par armes à feu..

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