The IOVS is an organization that is totally independent from governments and international political institutions, which explains its status as an NGO. However this NGO may enter into contracts to work in collaboration with such institutions, although the latter may not interfere in its activities and its scientific achievements. The IOVS structure is organised in a democratic, transparent manner, both in elections of the Board of Directors and on the financial level.

The International Observatory of Violence in Schools was officially declared as an Association governed by the French « Law of 1901 » on the articles and rules applicable to Associations. It therefore has official legal status (financial management, official membership, power to convene General Assemblies, etc. ).